Up to half a billion tax rands are being poured into the Free State diary farm whose links to the controversial Gupta family appear to be increasingly clear.
Provincial budget figures show a huge redirection of resources towards this single “public-private partnership” near the town of Vrede, reducing budgets available for other development needs.
But there are serious doubts about the project’s viability. Many locals have questioned it, and the Indian dairy giant, Paras, whose name was invoked to lend technical credibility maintains it knows nothing about it.
An amaBhungane investigation this week threw up more links to the controversial Gupta family, including:
The dairy project is led by Estina (Pty) Ltd, a South African-registered company, which last week denied any links to the Guptas other than giving a subcontract to a company owned by the controversial family.
The denial seemed thin given Estina’s only director being an IT sales manager apparently close to the Guptas and Estina’s registered address being in the same Sandton building as several Gupta businesses, as the Mail & Guardian reported last week.
The new information strongly suggests that the Guptas, who are close to Free State premier Ace Magashule and employ his son, have played an active behind-the-scenes role in the dairy project.
Seemingly conceptualised during the first half of last year, the project started taking off when the Phumelela local municipality, which includes Vrede, ceded the Krynaauwslust farm outside the town to the province last December.
The provincial agriculture department, which will fund the project, immediately handed it to Estina under a 99-year rent-free lease.
The plan is for Krynaauwslust’s 4 400ha to house a large herd of cows and a huge processing plant for milk from the farm and beyond.
While benefit is promised to small farmers -- half the 1 000 cows are to be donated to community members, who will sell the milk back -- an Estina proposal obtained by amaBhungane also talks of 51% of the project being transferred to “at least three selected grant recipients”, an apparent reference to large black economic employment (BEE) beneficiaries whose identities are unknown.
A second proposal document hails the technical prowess of Paras. It calls Estina “the local representative company which has been appointed by Paras” to engage with the provincial agriculture department on the dairy project. Both documents carry Estina and Paras logos.
But this week a Paras spokesperson in India, Bharti Singh, repeated the company’s denial that it knows of Estina or the Vrede project.
Singh said she had circulated amaBhungane’s query to all Paras directors. “We have no businesses in South Africa. We don’t know Estina. There is nothing that connects Paras dairy to South Africa,” she said.
The house, the manager and Atul Gupta
Also late last year, Estina bought a former guest house, De Oude Pastorie, in Vrede to accommodate Estina staff. A person close to the sale said this week that the ultimate decision-maker was “someone in Johannesburg”.
A second well-placed source said Atul Gupta was intimately involved in the negotiations.
AmaBhungane saw a business card for Estina’s project co-ordinator with names including “Atul” and “AW Jaffer” written on the back. Abdul Jaffer is a director of many Gupta companies.
Atul Gupta [Photo: Gallo Images]
The Estina project co-ordinator who lives in De Oude Pastorie is Chandrama Prasad, a former top Indian civil servant. He served as special secretary to Mulayam Singh Yadav, Uttar Pradesh chief minister until 2007.
In that position, Prasad was known to Shivpal Singh Yadav as well.
Shivpal is Mulayam’s brother and the public works minister in his Cabinet -- a position he now holds again.
Reinforcing their proximity, and questions about the dairy project, is that Prasad and the two Singh Yadav brothers were jointly implicated in a corruption scandal that shook their government (See “Scandal links dairy project manager and Gupta wedding VIP” below).
The wedding guest
Shivpal Singh Yadav was among the Gupta wedding guests at Sun City early last month. His attendance at the wedding, and the fact that he combined his trip with an official visit to the Free State at the invitation of the agriculture department to discuss “irrigation and public works”, was controversially used by the Indian high commission to justify the landing of the wedding plane at Waterkloof.
The high commission said the Uttar Pradesh minister and the Free State government signed a memorandum of intent during his visit covering the “economic development, irrigation and agriculture sectors”.
Yet, despite his past association with Shivpal Singh Yadav and the fact that the Free State agriculture department both funded Estina and invited the Uttar Pradesh minister, Prasad this week denied the minister’s visit was connected to the dairy project at all.
The dairy project falls under a Free State agriculture department farm empowerment programme called “Mohoma Mobung”, launched last year.
In its 2012 budget, the department said it would spend between R20-million and R40-million every year for four years on Mohoma Mobung.
But the dairy project appears to have engulfed these modest intentions.
One of the Estina proposals obtained by amaBhungane announced that the department, “in line with the vision of the Mohoma Mobung initiative”, had identified the Vrede dairy as its “flagship project”.
The proposal said the department had commissioned a study “validating” the dairy and had sent a “high-level team” to India where it supposedly met Paras, “the largest private milk producer in India [which] agreed in principle to work with them on this prestigious project”.
Estina provided a costing for the project, totalling R500-million. It then requested “the government to commit to an annual grant of R100-million per year for five years” for the dairy.
Figures in the agriculture department’s recent budgets suggest it may be meeting this request.
Vrede -- “peace” in Afrikaans -- was the name bestowed on a small Free State agricultural settlement in 1879 after a dispute over the site of the town was finally resolved.
The town, about 200km southeast of Johannesburg and close to KwaZulu-Natal, was founded on the Krynauwslust farm.
More than 100 years later, Krynauwslust -- about 4 400 hectares of land that now belong to the municipality and more or less encircle the town -- is once again a bone of contention.
Vrede has gone from rural obscurity to something of a national talking point following claims that a planned multimillion-rand dairy project on the town’s outskirts might have links to the well-connected Gupta family.
Vrede [Photo: Madelene Cronje]
The project is being punted by the Free State department of agriculture, which has sold it to taxpayers as a public-private partnership between the government, an Indian dairy company, Paras, and a South African company, Estina.
A friendly place, with the obligatory stone church in the centre, people are quick to talk but unwilling to give their names because of the “politics”.
'A big secret'
In such a tightknit community secrets usually do not stay secret for very long. But it seems that senior municipal officials have kept details of the dairy project tightly under wraps.
One Vrede local said this week that there has been “a lot of talk around town about this dairy project but no one knows what is going on. It’s a big secret.”
At least the location of the farm is known: it lies about 3km from the town. Apart from a few tractors and borehole markers, the only sign that something is happening there is a partly constructed cement structure, which appears to be the beginning of a maize silo.
The lack of transparency about how it is to be managed has led most of the people interviewed to question whether the project is viable or sustainable.
Although the Free State government has presented the initiative as a way to create jobs and benefit emerging small farmers, some of the locals fear it could become a white elephant.
Democratic Alliance town council member Doctor Radebe, who has been a vocal critic of the scheme, said this week that, since the project was first mentioned at a June 2012 council meeting, there had been a suspicion that “something wasn’t right”.
He said that, from presentations made to the council by both the provincial agriculture department and Estina and Paras, it became clear that there was “a political mind behind the project and not an agriculture mind”.
A livestock farmer himself, Radebe said detailed plans about how exactly the project would be implemented had never been made available.
“I asked who did the feasibility study; I never got an answer. Instead, the mayor is the one answering questions, not the administrative staff. What has become clear is that the instructions for this project came from the provincial department.”
The Free State government, to which the municipality has ceded the land, claimed at council meetings last year that the project would “lure dairy farmers back to Vrede and its surrounding areas”.
Beef, sheep and maize crops dominate local agriculture.
At a meeting with local farmers called by the council late last year, provincial agriculture officials tried to get dairy farmers to buy into the project.
Residents were told emerging farmers would benefit because the provincial agriculture department would buy hundreds of cows and distribute them to farmers in the local township of Thembalihle. Residents would each get a few cows and the milk would go to the dairy.
But a local entrepreneur said this week: “There are no criteria for who would get the cows.”
A farmer said similar large-scale projects had failed to take off because there was a lack of electricity in the area.
Although residents have their doubts, some say they would welcome the investment if the project took off and benefited local business. Until then the town’s economy will continue to rely on the hope of good maize crops and high beef prices.
Neither the Free State agriculture department nor Estina responded to questions. -- Tabelo Timse & Sally Evans
Dairy farm project manager Chandrana Prasad was accused of involvement in a corrupt police recruitment scam while he was secretary to the chief minister of the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh in 2006.
The allegations were the subject of an investigation ordered when the Mayawati administration took over the government in 2007 after ousting the Samajwadi Party.
Prasad was the special secretary to the chief minister of the previous government, Mulayam Singh Yadav.
About 18 000 police constables were recruited in a process that became the subject of corruption allegations and a series of investigations and court cases.
A report prepared by the Uttar Pradesh chief secretary concluded: “Prima facie it is clear that the then Honourable Chief Minister [Mulayam Singh] meticulously engineered the entire recruitment in a planned systematic manner.”
Speaking to amaBhungane, Prasad confirmed his identity as the former secretary to Mulayam Singh but denied any involvement in the recruitment scandal.
However, the chief secretary’s report found otherwise.
It noted: “It is prima facie proved that direct and indirect co-operation in these activities were given by the then director general of police … and the then special secretary to chief minister, Chandrana Prasad.”
It added: “The clear involvement of Shivpal Singh Yadav, the then minister of public works department, in illegal gratification of money with the co-operation of some other persons and corruption has come to light.”
Shivpal Singh was the chief minister’s younger brother.
He returned to his post as public works minister when the Samajwadi Party returned to power at the beginning of 2012.
He is also one of three VIPs from the Uttar Pradesh political establishment the Indian high commission cited in justifying the use of Waterkloof Air Force Base for landing the Gupta
The preliminary findings against Shivpal Singh and Prasad were given judicial notice in a 2009 judgment of the Allahabad High Court, which found that the findings had not been placed in question.
Round in circles
The allegations were referred to the Indian federal Central Bureau of Investigation for further action, but the CBI argued that it did not have the capacity to accept the case and the Indian Supreme Court struck down a lower-court order for the CBI to probe the alleged scam.
The Mayawati government lodged an appeal petition, which was pending when the Samajwadi Party regained power at the beginning of 2012.
One of the new Cabinet’s first decisions was to withdraw the appeal against this judgment.
Media reports said new Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav, Shivpal Singh’s nephew, had decided to withdraw the inquiries and drop the charges on the grounds that they were “politically motivated”. -- amaBhungane team
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The M&G Centre for Investigative Journalism, a non-profit initiative to develop investigative journalism in the public interest, produced this story. All views are ours. See www.amabhungane.co.za for our stories, activities and funding sources.
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